About 30% of Wolofs belong to the Mourides, about 60% belong to the Tijaniyas, and about 10% belong to the Qadiriyas.During the Colonial period the brotherhoods were the main means by which the Sufi form of Islam was spread.The Wolof people live in the 'Savanna zone' of northwest Senegal.They can be found from the Senegal river in the north to the Gambia river in the south (indicated by the green areas on the map).They are admired by other groups due to their initiative and ability to adapt.
Islam first came to Senegal at about this time also.
They are highly urbanized and they are the main element in the major cities of Senegal (Dakar, St. In the urban areas they may be found in businesses such as fabrics, dressmaking, dyeing, jewellery making, and elaborate hair-dressing.
During the course of their history the Wolof have absorbed many traits from other cultures thus share a variety of cultural characteristics with their neighbours. Despite this the Wolof have remained a distinct ethnic group which is very appealing to people of other groups.
They are the largest people group of Senegal, and make up 35% of the total population of Senegal and number about 3 million. The Wolof language is a West Atlantic language of the Niger-Congo family.
It is an important language as it is used as the language of trade even outside the main Wolof areas.
About 30% of the population speak Wolof as their first language and about 80% understand it.